An introduction to your body. This is an exercise anatomy lesson for everyone. It’s good to have an understanding of human anatomy if you want to excel in your fitness endeavors. Knowing the various parts of your body will be particular helpful when you incur an injury. That’s right I said when. If you are active you will injure yourself at some point. If you want to be your own personal trainer, get to know some basic anatomy. It will help you, or your doctor properly diagnosis and treat your injury.
There are 206 bones in the body which provide the framework (skeleton) on which the muscles attach. This wonderful system of hinges, levers, and specialized joints is the framework that enables you to move and do things. Without a skeletal system, you’d be a jellyfish. When designing an exercise program you have to train in all the planes of motion that your bones allow. This will enable maximum functional strength. Training in multiple planes simultaneously with a full range of motion, or on an unstable surface will strengthen your collateral muscles. This goes a long way to bullet-proofing your body from injury.
These are the workhorses of the human body. It is what you hope to develop and the focus of most exercise programs. Muscles are the engines which allow the bones to move in the manner you choose. You can learn the most effective and efficient ways to develop your muscles.
Muscles are wonderfully adaptive to the loads you put on them. That’s why you have to constantly switch up your workouts and make sure you place different loads on your muscles. Hit your muscles from a new angle or with a different routine and your muscles will reward you by adapting. What we’re after is functional strength.
Ligaments are the tough connective tissues which help hold the joints together. They are also a major source of many bad sports injuries. Usually ligaments are injured from a direct trauma to the joint, like someone falling on your arm or leg, or by hyperextending a joint under load. The problem with ligament injuries is that since they are not flexible and lack good blood flow, they take a long time to heal. No away around it! Ignore the rest rule and you are guaranteed a lifetime of re-injury.
These are the ends of muscles which taper down and attach to the bones. They are also susceptible to strains, sprains, and direct trauma. Tendons are often subject to irritating overuse injuries, like tendonitis. This is when the tendon gets inflamed in the tendon sheath and that inflammation causes pressure to build up and it sends your brain a pain signal. Listen to your body when it tells you this. Trying to push past the pain will only further aggravate the already weakened tendon and could lead to a more severe injury such as a tendon rupture where it